10 Sep Calculating OSHA Injury and Illness Incidence Rates
Each year, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
collects work-related injury and illness data from employers. This data
collection is called the OSHA Data Initiative (ODI).
The data provided is used by OSHA to calculate establishment-specific
injury and illness incidence rates. An incidence rate is the number of
recordable injuries and illnesses occurring among a given number of fulltime
workers (usually 100 full-time workers) over a given period of time
(usually one year).
An employer may want to evaluate its injury and illness experience over
time or compare its experience with that of the industry as a whole. This
is called an employer’s incidence rate. These rates can help identify
problems in the workplace and progress made in preventing work-related
injuries and illnesses.